Commonly used acronyms

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AAMA: American Alternative Medical Association

ABC: American Botanical Council

AER: adverse event report

AHHA: American Holistic Health Association

AHPA: American Herbal Products Association

AHP: American Herbal Pharmacopoeia

ALANUR: Latin American Responsible Nutrition Alliance

AMRM: Analytical methods and reference materials, detailed at website for dietary supplements through the ODS.

ANA: American Nutraceutical Association

ANDA: abbreviated new drug application

ANMP: Association of Natural Medicine Pharmacists

ASEAN: Association of Southeast Asian Nations

BAP: Botanical Adulterants Program

CAM: complementary and alternative medicine

cGMPs: current good manufacturing practices for dietary supplements

CFDA: China Food and Drug Administration

CFH: Citizens for Health

CFS: Center for Food Safety

CFSAN: Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition

CHCA: China Health Care Association

CHPA: Consumer Healthcare Products Association

COA: certificate of analysis

CRN: Council for Responsible Nutrition

DASCA: Designer Anabolic Steroid Control Act of 2014

DGAC: Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee

DHEA: dehydroepiandrosterone, a naturally occurring steroid hormone

DSHEA: Dietary Supplements Health and Education Act of 1994

EFSA: European Food Safety Authority

EHPM: European Federation of Associations of Health Product Manufacturers

EWG: Environmental Working Group

FDA: Food and Drug Administration

FTC: Federal Trade Commission
FSMA: Food Safety Modernization Act

GE foods- genetically engineered foods

GI: glycemic index

GM: genetically modified

GMOs: genetically modified organisms

GOED: Global Organization for EPA/DHA Omega-3s

GRAS: generally recognized as safe, standard for food products

HPLC: high-performance liquid chromatography

HPTLC: high-performance thin layer chromatography

HRF: Herb Research Foundation

IADSA: International Alliance of Dietary/Food Supplement Associations

IFOAM: International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements

JACN: Journal of the American College of Nutrition

JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association

LGD: lab guidance document

NBJ: executive business publication Nutrition Business Journal,with focus on supplements

NCCIH: National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health at the NIH

NCN: Nutrition Capital Network

NCNPR: National Center for Natural Products Research at the University of Mississippi

ND: naturopathic doctor

NDA: new drug application

NDI: New dietary ingredient

NIH: National Institutes for Health

NHANES: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

NNB: New Nutrition Business, a UK-based publication for food industry executives

NFM: industry retail publication, the Natural Foods Merchandiser

NPA: Natural Products Association

NPF: Natural Products Foundation, research and education arm of NPA

NSF: NSF International, testing and certification agency

MSC: Marine Stewardship Council

ODS: Office of Dietary Supplements at the NIH

ONHA: Organic and Natural Health Alliance

RCT: randomized controlled trial

RDA: recommended daily allowance

RDI: recommended daily intake

TCM: Traditional Chinese Medicine

UKAP: United Kingdom Anti-doping Panel

USADA: US Anti-doping Agency

USP: U.S. Pharmacopeial Convention

WADA: World Anti-doping Agency